A solid-state battery uses solid electrodes and a solid electrolyte instead of a liquid polymer gel used in lithium-ion batteries commonly found in electric vehicles and other energy storage equipment. Solid-state batteries are less flammable and have higher energy densities. The new type of battery also has a better lifespan expectancy than conventional lithium-ion batteries.
However, the commercialization of solid-state batteries is slow mainly due to high manufacturing costs. While the cost of lithium-ion batteries is steadily declining, the cost of lithium sulfide, the main material used in solid-state batteries, is about $120,000 per kilogram. A kilogram of lithium costs about $80. Scientists estimate that the manufacturing cost of solid-state batteries must be cut down by about 80 percent to gain better competitiveness than lithium-ion batteries.
SK on said in a statement on November 18 that the company forged separate partnerships with Yonsei University and Hanyang University. The battery maker will cooperate with research teams at the two schools to upgrade the existing technologies and accelerate the commercialization of solid-state batteries.
Researcher incubation programs will also be operated to have post-graduates get a job at SK on. More than 200 post-graduates will be hired over the next five years. The company has partnered with other universities including a research team from the Georgia Institute of Technology. SK on made a $30 million investment into Solid Power, an American solid-state battery developer, in October 2021.
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